In this article we will share the experience of foreign farmers and tell you by what signs it is possible to detect the presence of deer in your garden, and how to protect yourself from them. Although they seem harmless, animals can do a lot of harm to your plants.
Deer in the garden
Thanks to strong legs, deer are able to jump over any obstacles, with the exception of the highest fences, and devour the stems, leaves and buds of many species of plants, including alfalfa, fir, thaw and roses. They also eat fruits and vegetables.
Although pests can visit your garden every season, spring is the period when deer bring the most problems, devouring tasty shoots with manic passion. At this time, the females either bear or feed the deer, and the males grow horns (about 2.5 cm per day) and try to regain the spent weight. For a deer weary for winter, your garden in spring looks like a vegetable restaurant, beckoning with fresh products.
Animals feel most comfortable during the twilight hours (before sunrise and sunset) and love to feed on the outskirts of forests and in gardens bordering dense trees. Being very selective eaters, deer focus only on those plants that are currently the most nutritious.
How to identify a deer
These beautiful graceful creatures are very thin and stand out for their gray-brown skin with a reddish tint. Males have horns, while females lack them. Males weigh 90-130 kg, and females weigh about 55-80 kg. Their growth reaches 120 cm, and deer live for about 16 years in the wild. A distinctive feature of the white-tailed deer is a long tail with white hair on the lower part, which they begin to move in fright.
As a rule, animals are calm. Sometimes you can hear the grunting of a female with deer and the grunting sound made by the male if he feels the danger. Fingerprints of a cloven hoof and bean-shaped droppings also indicate the presence of intruders.
The jaws of the pests leave torn marks on the leaves. Animals have certain preferences for some types of flowers, so they can suffer more than others. Plants that seem soft to the touch contain a lot of water and are favorites in the deer menu (for example, hosts, rhododendrons, roses and buds). Pests do not like coarse, bristly and stitching leaves, as well as intense aromas of flowers. Nevertheless, a deer will eat anything if its hunger is strong enough.
Ways to fight
There are many methods to keep uninvited guests from feasting in your garden. Try some of them:
- Treat plantings with repellents containing dried bovine blood, egg powder and garlic. These mixes are usually available at most garden stores, harmless to plants and effective in controlling pests.
- The recipe for another natural repellent contains 1 raw egg, half a glass of milk, 1 tablespoon of detergent for dishes and 4.5 liters of water. Spray the mixture lightly on the plants and repeat the procedure after rain. Or mix 2 tbsp. l Tabasco sauce with 4.5 liters of water and sprinkle foliage and fruit (should also be repeated after rain).
- Use fright tactics. Install a few steel posts and tie metal cake pans to them with a rope. Even light gusts of wind will cause the structure to make sounds that scare the deer.
- Put the radio in the garden and keep it on all night. Animals will stay away from the source of noise.
- Put an inexpensive motion sensor among the landings. When it works for the presence of an outsider, the noise will drive the harmful visitor back into the forest.
- Pull the mesh over the plants and most deer will pass by.
- As a natural way to contain, you can use human hair or dog hair. Scatter them around the territory or hang them in bags on trees.
To keep deer away from apple trees, hang nylon stockings stuffed with human hair about a meter above the ground. Change contents regularly.
A good option would be a cheap soap (for example, from a hotel) scattered around the garden. Do not remove the wrapper for longer. Or mix rotten eggs with water and spray along the perimeter of the territory (12 pcs. Per 20 liters of water).
One experienced gardener found a way to protect tomatoes from harmful animals. He hung old unclean shoes on a supporting pole and watched the deer describe more circles around this place, while not approaching. This effect persisted from mid-May to the end of August. Depending on the amount of rain and odor, this period can either increase or decrease.
Some use wolf urine and cat droppings at the borders of the garden. These odors repel deer best. The laundry that is hung on the fence gives a similar, albeit less effect.
Trim the lower branches of the trees so that the animals do not have shelter. No deer will feed in the open if there are lush bushes in the neighborhood. Always clean the yard of fallen acorns, rotten fruits and leaves, which for hungry deer is like an invitation to a feast.
Choose shrubs that the deer do not like (such as forsythia and the lilac bush), as well as calendula, lavender, daffodils and snapdragon. It is possible to decompose strong-smelling plants on the border of the garden or near plantings that need more protection. Pests tend to stay away from poisonous and fragrant crops, as well as plants with fluffy leaves.
Now you know a little more about these graceful, but annoying animals. Despite all the grace and beauty, it is better not to let the deer get close to their plants and seriously approach the issue of protection from pests. Of course, a solid fence, 2.5 meters high, was and remains the best way.