There are several different types of knitting in the world. Methods using a hook make it possible to obtain very interesting patterns. But they have one drawback - high thread consumption. And deformation of the canvas is also often found. But the Tunisian crochet is just spared from all this. And the variety of patterns here is considerable. That's just this type of needlework in our country is not very popular.
Crochet feature in Tunisian technique
As you know, a hook is a metal, wooden or plastic rod with a head on the end to capture the working thread. Unlike knitting needles, not the entire plane of the canvas is knitted immediately, but a small part of it, sometimes even only one loop in a row. Therefore, if the loops suddenly fall off the hook, the product will not open all, but only a small part of it.
For knitting in the Tunisian technique used methods adjacent to knitting needles and crochet. This is something between two types of needlework. One row is knitted in two approaches. First, the required number of loops is dialed, and then they are fixed. The entire knitting process takes place on the front side. The result is a dense and beautiful canvas that does not stretch. Unfortunately, our craftswomen practically do not know the patterns of this needlework, although in fact there are a lot of them: from very dense to light and delicate.
Tunisian crochet hook
Since the width of the fabric knitted in this technique can be very large, a hook for Tunisian knitting must be taken specific. A short tool familiar to us will not work at all. Yes, and some of them have thickenings, which will facilitate the work, which is extremely undesirable for this knitting technique.
The crochet hook itself has a length of 30 cm to half a meter. At the end, a stub is often put in order not to lose the first loops in a row. It is more convenient to hold it like a knitting needle, and not like an ordinary hook.
Craftswomen knitted with such a tool several hundred years ago. Today they came up with a slightly advanced tool. A fishing line is glued to the hook of normal length, on which the loops of the first row are assembled. This method of knitting is much easier, because it is not so difficult to operate.
There are already double-sided hooks. They are two instruments of the usual size, interconnected by a fishing line. This crochet is used for circular knitting, the technology of which was developed not so long ago.
With such a tool, it’s not difficult for anyone to learn Tunisian crochet. For beginners, you can make the tool yourself by turning the hook head at the end of a regular knitting needle.
Regarding the size of the tool, it is worth noting that it is better to choose either one that is recommended by the manufacturer of the yarn, or a little more so that the product is lighter and more airy.
All Tunisian crochet lessons start from the fact that you need to understand the main principle of working with threads and tools. And it consists in the fact that for each new series of products you need to dial a certain number of loops. And only after that they should be fixed, knitting each of them separately.
Consider this as an example. For a sample, we collect an arbitrary number of air loops. Let them be 12. In the first loop of the chain we introduce a hook, as if about to knit a crochet. We pull out the working thread and get the first loop.
Then we move it away from the head and pass the hook into the next air loop. Repeat the operation with the whole chain. As a result, we should get 12 loops on the hook, as if on a knitting needle. This is the first stage over.
The second row is knitted in the reverse order. First, we knit an air loop on the first loop on the left. Next, go to the next and close it by knitting two loops together. This is like knitting the second stage of a single crochet. Having done this operation with all the loops, we get a full first row in this technique.
Tunisian crochet for beginners can seem rather complicated. But this is only at first. Basic patterns are mastered already in the second or third row.
For Tunisian knitting, a special long crochet hook is used, because unlike other types of crocheting during Tunisian knitting, all loops of the row are located on the hook. The length of the hook must match the width of the fabric, otherwise you will have to stitch individual strips. The hook is held in the hand like a knitting needle.
There are many special elongated hooks and double-sided hooks on the fishing line, allowing you to make products of the desired width. For knitting, some use a larger hook than is necessary for the selected yarn. This provides a slight elasticity to the canvas. Tunisian crocheting requires less yarn than traditional crochet.
The loops must be knitted without tightening it much. When knitting, the fabric is curled due to its high stiffness; therefore, it is recommended to steam the knitted parts of the product before connecting them.
Tunisian knitting techniques are based on various hook entry points and various methods of gripping the working thread.
So, we will tell you 3 of the easiest and most common ways to knit Tunisian crochet.
Simple Tunisian knitting
This is a classic Tunisian knitting technique. The canvas is obtained in the form of distinct vertical stripes, and the people call this canvas a lattice, because holes are visible in the gap, into which cross-stitching can be done. Those. the canvas for clearance is similar to the canvas. The canvas is dense, almost not stretching.
Video Tunisian simple knitting workshop:
We collect a chain of air loops. Starting from the second loop, we pull one loop from each link of the chain, leave them on the hook.
The number of loops of the first row should repeat the number of air loops in the chain. In the second row, we alternately close the loops. This series is also called the “inverse”.
We knit the first loop, then close all other loops in pairs.
At the end, there should be one loop on the hook.
The first two rows are always always knitted in the same way for each pattern in Tunisian knitting.
Next, we knit rapport, it consists of two rows. The first row is the capture of loops (they also say that Tunisian knitting is knitting “in a set”), the second row (reverse) is closing. Knitting is not turned inside out, the fabric is always knitted on the front side.
To capture the loops, it is necessary to straighten the first two rows and clearly note the protruding vertical broaches or they are also called Tunisian columns. Alternately, we introduce the hook from right to left through the broach, grab the working thread on the front side and pull it.
Thus, we again loop on the hook. It must be ensured that the loops on the hook are of the same height and not tightened.
In the second row, we close the loops in pairs, not forgetting that we close the first one, so we raise our rows.
Video workshop on knitting a Tunisian front loop:
We collect a chain of air loops. Next, we knit the first two rows, as in simple Tunisian knitting.
The peculiarity of knitting facial loops in Tunisian knitting is that the hook is inserted into the middle of the Tunisian column from the front under the vertical broach and under the pigtail, and the working thread is captured from the back.
It is necessary to close the loops as in the classical way.
Twisted Tunisian Knitting
We knit the first two rows, as for simple Tunisian knitting. Starting from the third row, we perform the technique of twisted knitting. The technique repeats simple knitting, however, to capture the loop, the hook is sent not from right to left, as for simple Tunisian knitting, but from left to right. Those. we hook the Tunisian column or broach with the head of the hook, twist (the hand itself tells you how to steer the hook to keep it in a comfortable position), grab and stretch the thread.
The hinges are twisted, which allows the web to be densified. All even rows fit unchanged, i.e. loop closure is done in a classic way.
Closing the loops of the canvas at the end of the work is done after performing the “reverse” row, knitting the classic connecting posts or single crochet posts for vertical broaches (Tunisian posts).
We hope you succeed.
Share your result with us and leave comments.
Part 1 A Simple Tunisian Stitch
- 1 Make the basis of the chain. Attach the yarn to the hook using the slip knot, and then make a base of 10 standard stitches.
- You can change this number according to your needs. In this example, 10 standard stitches are used, but you can change this number according to your pattern or the duration of your work.
- Make a slip node:
- Make a loop by passing the tip of the yarn under the adjacent side.
- Push the adjacent yarn up through the bottom of the loop, creating a second loop in the process. Wrap the first loop around it.
- Insert the crochet hook into the second loop. Pull the tail of the yarn to tighten the second loop on the hook and make a knot.
- Make a standard chain stitch:
- Sew the stitch with the tip of the hook once.
- Pull the yarn through the loop on the hook. This will complete one chain stitch.
- 2 Insert the hook into the second chain from the hook. Crochet the stitch once, then pull the loop back to the front.
- You can sew stitches in the back loop of the base chain or in the front and back loops. No matter what method you use, you should use it throughout your work.
- At the end of this step, you should have two loops on the hook.
- Please note that you are starting your first walk forward. You also create a preparatory line for the rest of your work.
- 3 Repeat this with each chain. Follow the same technique to tighten the loop through each chain. Continue until you reach the end of the base of the chain.
- For each chain, insert the hook with the yarn at the end into the chain and pull the loop back to the front of the stitch.
- By the end of this process, you should have as many loops on the hook as there are stitches in the bottom of the chain. For this example, you will have 10 loops.
- This is your first walk forward.
- 4 Work one pass back. The yarn should be on the tip of the hook. Pull this yarn through one loop on the hook.
- You should still have the same number of loops on the hook as before. For this example, you will have 10 loops.
- This is the first stitch in the back passage. The rest are done by a similar method, but not all.
- 5 Work the second pass back. The yarn should again be on the tip of the hook. This time, pull the yarn through two loops on the hook.
- After this step, you will have one less loop on the hook. For this example, you should have nine loops.
- 6 Repeat step back. Repeat the previous step until you get to the beginning of your work and to the loop left on the hook.
- For each stitch, you must have yarn on the hook and stretch the yarn through two loops in front of the hook.
- At the end of each stitch you will have one less loop on the hook. For example, eight loops after the next line, seven after the next, six loops after the next, and so on.
- Do not pull the last loop on the hook.
- This step completes the first pass back. He is also completing his series.
- 7 Then do as before. To start a new series of Tunisian knitting with a simple stitch, you will need to make another step forward in the main way, like the first.
- For this passage forward, insert the hook from right to left in the second vertical row from the hook. Do not insert the hook into the vertical row directly below it. You must use the second vertical row.
- The yarn should be at the tip of the hook. Pull it back to the front vertical row. You must have two loops on the hook.
- Insert the hook into the next vertical row and pull it to the end, resulting in three loops on the hook.
- Repeat this on all rows until you reach the last. Do not stitch in the last vertical row.
- 8 Insert the hook into the last two stitches of the row. Find the horizontal row directly to the right of the last vertical. Insert the hook under this row, as well as under the last vertical. Pull the loop back through the two stitches to complete the passage forward.
- Please note that this step is optional. If you wish, you can simply pull the loops out from under the vertical row and exclude the horizontal row. However, using these two stitches will add stability to your work.
- At the end of this step, you should have 10 loops on the hook, or as many loops as there were in your main chain.
- 9 Return, as before. Complete the other row of the aisle in the same way as the first.
- The yarn should be at the tip of the hook. Pull the yarn through one loop in front of the hook.
- The yarn should be on the hook, but this time pull it through two loops on the hook. This should reduce the number of loops on the hook by one. Repeat this step through the rest of the row until one loop remains on the hook.
- You can do all the work using just a simple Tunisian line. In addition, you can combine simple stitches with other methods, for example, with a Tunisian double crochet.
- If you want to end with a simple Tunisian line, skip to the "Shutdown" section.
Tunisian knitting basics
Surely you liked the idea of linking something beautiful and long-lived. To do this, you just need one thing - to master the technique of Tunisian knitting. First, as usual, we will study the tools.
So, we will definitely need:
- special hook. For Tunisian knitting, it is long, like a knitting needle, its length is on average 20 cm, but there are also longer ones,
- a hook with a fishing line is something like circular knitting needles, but one of the knitting needles is replaced with a hook, and instead of the other a stub,
- double hook, with heads at both ends or with fishing line - also like circular knitting needles, but with two hooks,
- thin yarn for knitting is thinner than for ordinary crochet (do you remember that knitting is tight?)
Why do we need all this? For knitting fabrics of different widths. We already said that knitting with Tunisian knitting is best: warm sweaters, jumpers, pullovers, cardigans, shawls, coats. And all these things usually require paintings of rather large width. On one hook with a length of 20-30 cm, a wide canvas cannot be connected even to a craftswoman with a skill, not to mention a beginner.
What you need to know about Tunisian knitting?
Before learning the basics of Tunisian knitting, we learn about its features:
- Any knitting patterns are performed only on the front side.
- The first row of each pattern is its bottom row. The loops are crocheted from right to left, and then the thread is pulled through them in the opposite direction.
- The crochet hook is held in the same way as a knitting needle. However, if you are used to holding it in a different way, this is also acceptable - but only with a set of loops.
- Do not complicate your work, gaining loops tight. Through tight loops, the thread will stretch very hard. But too weak loops are also bad - knitting is ugly.
- As in any other type of knitting, samples are needed to work. Without samples, it is impossible to calculate the density of knitting for each individual item.
Try Tunisian knitting?
Oh well. All these were conversations, it was time to start practicing. So, let's try the very basics of Tunisian knitting - we will knit a small fragment of the simplest, standard viscous. Do you remember? The hook should be thicker than the thread. For example, a thin cotton yarn is quite suitable for a hook of size 3.5, for which we would normally take a hook of size 1.5.
Row 0. Using a hook, create a chain of air loops.
Row 1. Insert the hook into the loop of the zero row and pull out a new loop. Remember that this is Tunisian knitting, not the usual crochet technique! Leave each elongated loop on the hook! At the end of the row, you should count on it exactly as many loops as you typed in the chain.
Row 2. Now the hardest part for a beginner begins. Crochet the thread and pull it through two loops. Now we grab it again and again stretch it through two loops (the one that just appeared on the hook and follows it). It’s difficult in words, but you try - you will succeed right away. It’s just really.
Let's stop for a moment. Let's see what we got. Chains of loops between which the posts are located, right?
Row 3. Now start the next row. What do we need? True - re-hook the loop again. Вот как раз петли следующего ряда и образуются путём провязывания этих столбиков-перемычек.
Дальше вы уже знаете – набираем петли на крючок. Далее все нечётные ряды вяжутся так же, как ряд 3, а нечётные – как ряд 2. Попробуйте повязать ещё немного, привыкните к этим движениям, набейте руку.
And how to close? Actually, the reverse row in itself turns out to be closed. It remains only to cut the thread.
Tunisian motifs and patterns
As we have already mentioned, Tunisian knitting is a cross between knitting and crocheting. But in reality it turns out - it is immediately knitting with needles and crochet. Especially when it comes to studying basic ornaments and patterns.
Tunisian technology, like knitting, involves the use of embossed and openwork knits. You can also take jacquard ornaments. But at the same time, like crocheting, this technique can very well be used for curly knitting - at least the same flowers and circles.
Types of Tunisian Knitting
By the way, our pattern is called simple Tunisian knitting, but in general there are the following types:
- front surface (imitates the front surface, knitted with needles),
- twisted (from twisted loops - the hook is inserted not from right to left, but from left to right, twisting the loop).
You can read about knitting techniques in our next article.
Different options for knitting the main fabric
Most craftswomen know Tunisian crocheting in its main way. He can still be found in the literature under the name Victoria. This simple method is knitted as follows: a set of loops of a new row is made for the upper edge of the fixed loop. In this case, the number of loops that go inside the canvas remains lower. The result is a product with a pronounced corrugated longitudinal strip. Many craftswomen stop at it, thinking that this is the only way that the Tunisian crochet technique offers. In fact, this is completely untrue.
With a long hook, you can also knit a front canvas, which looks almost the same as knitting, but the quality of the socks bypasses it much. And this is done very simply: when you set the loops, the hook should be launched into the very base of the legs of the vertical loop. In this way, the inner row is also captured. By knitting so, we unfold the vertical loop with the face, orienting it in the same way as when knitting. The reverse row is knitted as usual, without any changes. Such a canvas is an ideal basis for various patterns.
Tunisian knitting can imitate cross-stitch. This is possible in the reverse row. To do this, first knit a pair of even loops, and then the odd one. The main thing here is to ensure that the odd loop always remains on top, otherwise the pattern on the canvas will turn out to be chaotic.
By the principle of how the canvas is knitted with crosses, many interesting patterns can be made. This is another facet that Tunisian crochet opens before the craftswomen. Patterns of such patterns are passed down from generation to generation. Let's look at some of them.
The pattern "Bush" is obtained if, in a row of fastening, immediately knit three loops, alternating them with the usual knitting of one loop. In this case, between the loops you need to do one air, so as not to reduce the number of working loops. A set of the next row is carried out in the legs of knitted columns and under the air loops between them. The pattern can be knitted both in direct and staggered order, getting different effects.
Crossed bars also have several options. One of them we reviewed above. It gives a uniform canvas. If you cross the loops in a certain order, you can get various options for textures. With their help, even draw patterns taken from cross-stitch. Only instead of colored threads different texture of working loops is used.
Rice leaf will work if knit not three, but two loops. And do it staggered. Between the columns, you need to make air loops to compensate for the lack of working loops.
Openwork fabrics turn out even more interesting. They are already suitable for those who have mastered Tunisian crochet well. Patterns of this type require some skill and skill.
The simplest openwork pattern, however, can also knit a beginner. To do this, it is necessary to first knit each loop of the set of rows with one air loop and only then leave it. In the fastening row, we get a canvas with small holes giving a simple openwork. You can knit each new row both in the leg of the loops of the previous row and get even rows of holes, and in the loop over the hole to make a checkerboard pattern.
With the help of these holes, whole patterns and ornaments are created. Again, the same color scheme as cross stitch is taken as the basis. The elements we need are knitted by creating a hole in the place of a different color. On the lumen, it turns out, as it were, a negative of fillet knitting with an ordinary crochet.
With a little imagination and ingenuity, it’s easy to perfect Tunisian crochet. Models of new products and patterns will please not only your loved ones, but also other craftswomen with whom you will share your discoveries.
There is an opportunity to knit in the Tunisian technique and jacquard patterns. This way to achieve an unsurpassed result is easier, because it is easier to work with several thread colors that are not so confused. Yes, and dragging and dropping the canvas is easier to avoid, since crochet work is easier than knitting. It always gives loops of the same size, regardless of the pulling force of the thread.
Multicolor patterns fit relatively easily. The hardest part here is keeping track of the circuit. If the pattern is expected that the background of the product should be on both sides, then you need to worry in advance about the second ball of these threads.
Until the color of the yarn changes, we collect the loops with the main threads, then leave them and go to another. Having knitted the right amount, we again return to the background threads.
In the fastening row, we knit the loops with the same threads as we dialed, only one loop further than in the picture. The color of the inner loops is almost not noticeable, but this technique will help to avoid a clear stratification of the pattern at the junction of two yarns.
A little tip: before you start working with several colors, master Tunisian crochet on two types of yarn well. Understand how yarn behaves and how best to type and fasten loops so that the pattern is as clear as possible. Having understood this, try to “draw” the picture with crossed loops. But remember that in this case, it will double. Correctly calculate its size.
Enterlak and Tunisian technology
Most recently, craftswomen began to knit enterlac and Tunisian canvases with new technology. To understand how this is done, first we’ll figure out what kind of technique this is. The second name of enterlak is patchwork knitting. But not in its traditional meaning. Enterlak is knitted in such a way that it is not necessary to break the working thread every time the flap is already tied. This is a kind of continuous knitting of square motifs.
To obtain the main decorative effect, you need to stagger to alternate the direction of knitting. This effect is especially good for Tunisian crocheting. Models of such a plan are found both in interior items (pillowcases, bedspreads) and in clothes.
Enterlak technique in Tunisian knitting is as follows. In the usual way, a square of the right size is knitted. When it is ready, it is rotated 90 degrees and begin to type a new row on its side. Thus, a strictly perpendicular direction of knitting of the rows is obtained, which is the main thing in the enterlak technique.
As for the patterns, there are no restrictions except an artistic idea. If you need a simple canvas, classic knitting is enough, if you need something completely unusual, you can knit a new square with some other pattern. The main thing is that the size of the flaps allows you to realize the idea.
Particularly beautiful look interior details made by the technique of Tunisian knitting. Soft and warm pads become the most beloved for all family members, regardless of age and gender. But the famous Tunisian rugs are especially popular.
Since this item is intended primarily for a comfortable stay, you need to choose the right materials and patterns. Regarding yarn, it is advised to take good quality natural woolen threads so that they do not form unnecessary spools from use.
As for the pattern, it is better to take the classic Tunisian crochet. Plaids in this way are obtained not only dense and warm, but also resistant to deformation. Although, if desired, you can experiment. There are no clear rules in this regard.
Since the plaid is a big product, be patient and have a very long hook, and preferably with a fishing line at the end. When collecting loops, it will be necessary to keep the entire canvas on weight, and the fishing line will help to transfer part of its weight to the surface next to the right hand.
Knitting a plaid in length, width or obliquely is a matter of your taste. It is noteworthy that the length of the working side is easy to determine by measuring the length of the first row of air loops.
Do not knit a plaid in plain color. It is boring and uninteresting. At a minimum, try making it striped. This will work well if you decide to dispose of the remaining yarn. For the same purpose, you can try to connect flowers. Tunisian crochet has several patterns for petals and leaves. This will be a real highlight for a plaid, purse or scarf.
Tunisian crochet in clothes
This technique also looks good in wardrobe items, especially if it's a warm outerwear. This way you can knit anything: scarves, hats, jackets, sweaters, skirts, vests, mittens. At the same time, simpler objects will become an excellent training base for more complex products. For example, a regular scarf is a prototype of a plaid or pillowcase. In this case, on a canvas of not very large width, you can practice knitting different patterns. After the "lesson" the thing will become quite suitable for further use, and the yarn will not have to be spoiled by dissolving it.
Quite often, the craftswomen make slippers. Tunisian crocheting makes it possible relatively quickly and at no particular cost to yarn to get a high-quality canvas base for slippers that lasts much longer than those made by other methods.